Glossary of terms

A glossary of commonly used mental health and addiction sector terms relating to data, information and outcomes


Alcohol and Drug Outcome Measure - a New Zealand designed outcome measure used with people that access outpatient, community AOD services, mandated from July 2015. Tāngata whai ora rated.


Alcohol and Other Drug (services).


District Health Board. There are 20 DHBs in New Zealand that are responsible for health service delivery in their geographical area.


Unprocessed facts and figures gathered such as numbers, statistics and measurements. It can also be words, observations or other inputs.

Episode of care

Where multiple referrals for a person are overlapping or are within 14 days, they have been condensed to one episode of care using the first referral and last discharge. 


Health of the Nation Outcome Scales – a set of clinician rated outcome measures focussing on clinical symptoms and functioning. Used across New Zealand mental health services.


Information Collection Protocol – rules determining how a particular set of information (such as an outcome measure) is collected: when, how, by whom, from whom.


Data that has been interpreted to make it meaningful to the user.

Local data

Data collected by an organisation providing meaningful information about people accessing services, types of services provided, outcomes and organisational performance.

Matched pairs

Two collections, in this case treatment start and treatment end collections.

National data

Data collected by services across the country and submitted to PRIMHD. Known as aggregated data, this is a useful source of information for understanding what services are being provided, who is providing the services, and what outcomes are being achieved across the mental health and addiction sector.


Non-Governmental Organisation – in health care provision in New Zealand these are generally (though not always) directly funded through DHBs or a Government Ministry.


An outcome is a change to health, wellbeing and circumstances over time.

Outcome measure

A validated tool for measuring outcomes. Outcome measures are designed to measure individual progress by showing changes that have occurred over time.


Programme for the Integration of Mental Health Data.

Tāngata whai ora

A term encompassing clients, service users, consumers, people who access services. Tangata whai ora (without a macron about the first a) is singular.

Team type

In New Zealand teams reporting information to PRIMHD are given identifying team types such as Alcohol and Other Drug Team.


The members an individual identifies as extended family. They may or may not be related by blood.