Talking therapies help people to understand and make changes to their thinking, behaviour and relationships in order to relieve distress and improve wellbeing.
Often called psychological therapies, talking therapies have a strong international evidence base for improving mental health and addiction outcomes (NZGG, 2008; NICE, 2009; NHS Scotland, 2011). In Rising to the Challenge, services are encouraged to introduce a stepped-care approach to meeting mental health and addiction needs.
A stepped care approach aims to match the right type and level of therapy to a person, to help them achieve the best health gain and a positive outcome. It aims to optimise the effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness, of therapy through a systematic approach to meet the health and cultural needs of a person.